Women’s program shown to reduce rapes by nearly half

Posted February 14th, 2019 by admin and filed in 杭州夜生活
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The study, published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine, compared the effects of attending a four-session course in resisting sexual assault to a more typical university approach of providing brochures on sexual assault.

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The program is one of the first to demonstrate success in a controlled trial — and among the first to be published by the medical journal, best-known as a forum for clinical drug trials.

The study comes just weeks before colleges and universities across the United States are required to detail how they will deal with sexual assault. Those reports, due to the U.S. Department of Education on July 1, are mandated by the 2013 Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act.

At least 1 in 5 women has been a victim of sexual assault that occurred while she was attending college. By far, most of the attempted or completed sexual assaults on college campuses are perpetrated by classmates, dates or acquaintances of the victim.

Freshman and sophomore women are thought to be at the greatest risk of sexual assault.

“At least 1 in 5 women has been a victim of sexual assault that occurred while she was attending college. By far, most of the attempted or completed sexual assaults on college campuses are perpetrated by classmates, dates or acquaintances of the victim.”

Experts say the ubiquity of alcohol, freedom from parental monitoring, and an atmosphere that celebrates macho and athletic bravado are all factors that foster sexual assaults.

Canadian psychologist Charlene Y. Senn, lead author of the study, said that the socialization of young women often prevents many would-be victims from acknowledging and responding to a sexual predator in ways that will thwart an assault.

Young women arriving at college have widely been socialised to be friendly and likable, which can blind them to the aggressive advances they might encounter at a party, she added.

In 2005, Senn devised a curriculum to help young women overcome the emotional barriers that delay or prevent their recognition of sexual aggression and respond to it.

Over four three-hour sessions, the course worked on skills to assess, acknowledge and, if necessary, rebuff unwanted sexual advances.

Those sessions included instruction in recognising sexual coercion and the circumstances in which it can take place. Participants also had two hours of self-defense training based on the martial art Wen-Do.

Experts caution that reducing sexual violence by focusing on a victim’s will or ability to resist has fallen out of favor in recent years.

“Senn devised a curriculum to help young women overcome the emotional barriers that delay or prevent their recognition of sexual aggression and respond to it.”

In their place are programs that address the motives of potential perpetrators and energize bystanders to intervene. Such approaches place the blame for sexual assault squarely on the perpetrator.

By focusing on a potential victim’s power to thwart her attackers, some experts warned that such a program might contribute to blaming victims.

In an editorial accompanying the study, Kathleen C. Basile, an epidemiologist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wrote that the study’s “primary weakness is that it places the onus for prevention on potential victims, possibly obscuring the responsibility of perpetrators and others.”

But teaching women how to identify and resist are still important strategies, Senn says.

Between September 2011 and February 2013, 893 freshman women at the Universities of Calgary, Windsor and Guelph in Canada took part in the study.

Holding three-hour sessions on weeknights and marathon sessions on weekends, Senn and her coauthors put 451 women through a series of lectures, problem-solving exercises, discussions and self-defense classes aimed at helping them define their own sexual desires and boundaries, recognize and discourage sexual aggression and resist an assault.

“By focusing on a potential victim’s power to thwart her attackers, some experts warned that such a program might contribute to blaming victims.”

The remaining 442 women were assigned to a control group, in which they attended a 15-minute session and were provided brochures on sexual assault.

About a year after the sessions ended, Senn and her colleagues surveyed the participants, asking detailed questions about their sexual contacts in the preceding year.

Among women offered the brochures on sexual assault, 9.8 percent reported they had been raped and 9.3 percent reported they had been the intended victims of attempted rapes.

Roughly 40 percent reported other nonconsensual sexual contact, in which they experienced unwanted sexual touching or fondling.

An additional 14 percent said they had been subject to coercive sex in which a perpetrator pressured or manipulated them into compliance.

Among women who got the resistance training, 5.2 percent said they had been raped and 3.4 percent reported attempted rapes — reductions of 46.3 percent and 63.2 percent respectively.

Rates of nonconsensual sexual contact reported by this group were 34 percent lower than those in the control group, and reports of sexual coercion were roughly 24 percent less common.

Sarah Yang, a 2014 graduate of the University of California, Davis who was president of that campus’ Women’s Health Initiative, said publication of the study in a medical journal boosts the profile of the issue.

“It validates campus sexual assault as a public health issue — and that’s huge,” said Yang, an aspiring physician. “It’s national now. It’s international.”

Senn emphasized that training only women to avert sexual assailants addresses just part of the solution.

“There’s no quick fixes,” she said. “We have to make stopping sexual violence everyone’s problem — everyone’s business — to hold men accountable, to support victims. But we also need to give women the tools they need to fight back.”

Orphanage tourism: Who are foreign volunteers actually helping?

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Sylvie Gjerde travelled to Cambodia because she wanted to help children.

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She knew the country’s history and had heard about the extreme poverty people were living in, and thought she could do some good. She was recommended an orphanage in Siem Reap, so she arranged to volunteer there for one month in 2011.

But once she was there, things were not as she had imagined.

The orphanage was co-owned by a New Zealand man based in Auckland and a Cambodian man who lived nearby. Ms Gjerde, now 28, noticed the man drove an Escalade and his wife wore expensive rings. She was told the couple was building a second storey on their nearby home.

Meanwhile the children at the orphanage were living in very basic conditions with only two Cambodian women, who lived there full-time, to care for them. “One toddler had special needs and often defecated all over the ground,” Ms Gjerde said.

She refused to pay the $A100 fee the orphanage requested of its volunteers because she wanted to make sure the money went directly to the children, so she bought food for the children and sanitary products for the girls. “The orphanage was a bit annoyed that I didn’t pay,” she said. But they let her stay.

As the weeks wore on, Ms Gjerde became increasingly suspicious about where the money going into the orphanage – from foreign donors and the high volumes of volunteers – actually went.

Dateline

She and another volunteer began to investigate and approached the owner. “He told me that ‘In Cambodia, every mountain has a tiger’,” she said, “which I took to mean that every community has a leader and it made sense that they get more luxuries and wealth.”

Unsatisfied, the pair continued to search for answers. But the orphanage staff were not happy and eventually they were asked to leave.

Ms Gjerde thought of the children and the never-ending tide of smiling foreigners who came to take photographs with them, and felt sick. 

“I just thought, ‘This is f—ed’,” she said. “I felt gross that I was going to leave and they would just stay and keep going to the toilet in a bucket.”

When she got back to New Zealand she arranged to meet with the co-owner and complained to him about the conditions and alleged corruption. “He was defensive and refused to accept any criticisms,” she said.

She now questions the ethics of “voluntourism” and says she would definitely not do it again.

The business of orphans

The voluntourism industry is reportedly worth $A2.6 billion worldwide.

James Sutherland, of Cambodia-based NGO Friends International, said there is about 300 registered orphanages in Cambodia and hundreds more that are not registered. Many offer volunteering opportunities for short stints or extended stays as well as day visits, for a fee.

“I felt gross that I was going to leave and they would just stay and keep going to the toilet in a bucket.”

He said Ms Gjerde’s experience was not unique. 

“We see many people talking about how they have come to see orphanages in Cambodia because it’s on the itinerary and how uncomfortable they feel about it after going there and seeing the reaction from the children.”

But he said people like her were part of the problem.

“They don’t set out to hurt children; they’re setting out to help children,” he said of foreign volunteers. “But they’re really unaware of the complexity of what is an orphanage business in countries like Cambodia.”

Mr Sutherland said the reason there was a large number of orphanages in Cambodia was not because there were a lot of orphans needing homes but because orphanages had become profitable businesses. 

Shockingly, an estimated 75 per cent of children inside these orphanages were not orphans at all and had one or more living parents. Mr Sutherland said parents were being pressured into putting their children into care to ensure the orphanages, which raked in money from well-intentioned volunteers and donors, were populated. Orphanages were being billed as better, safer options for children in poverty.

“The problem is when people are seeing this as the only option, they feel pushed into doing it,” he said.

Friends International has three campaigns underway to shed light on “orphanage tourism” and to discourage volunteers coming from places like Australia to spend time in orphanages. 

“Your money might not actually be getting to the children it’s meant to help. Your donation of rice may be re-sold back to the shop it’s come from, and that cycle goes on. There are many, many of these orphanages that are operating as businesses pure and simple, they’re a scam.” 

Related reading

Mr Sutherland said the vast majority of orphanages in Cambodia were owned and operated by foreigners and said the concept of orphanages was an introduced one.

“There’s a misconception about Cambodia sometimes that that people can’t care about their kids because they give them up to orphanages. Totally untrue,” he said. “Cambodia is such a family-oriented society, an extended-family-oriented society.

“It’s the orphanages that are actually alien to Cambodia. But over the years, because it’s business and it brings money in, they’ve proliferated.”

Who are you helping?

At the heart of the industry lies an uncomfortable question: What motivates people to volunteer? 

Volunteers often say they are driven by a desire to help but Mr Sutherland said if people really wanted to help they would consider more sustainable options.

“If you have transferable skills in childcare, for example, why not use them to train Cambodian staff? Rather than spending your time in the orphanage, working there. You’re from a different culture, you’ve got lots of work to do before you can actually start to fit in there and also you’re not doing anything sustainable because when you go, that knowledge goes with you,” he said.

“Foreign volunteers don’t set out to hurt children, but they’re really unaware of the complexity of what is an orphanage business in countries like Cambodia.”

Steve Cooke of World Vision Cambodia said volunteers need to think about how they might be contributing to the problem.

“There are many people who come to Cambodia with really fantastic intentions and a lot of them make a really great contribution, but they really need to make sure and do their research to ensure that their contribution is going to be sustainable and isn’t actually contributing to an industry that is actually profiting from the neglect of children,” he said.

On its website, The Lonely Planet lists “dos” and “don’ts” for orphanage volunteering, stating:

“Do work with the local staff rather than directly with the children. Teach the local staff how to speak English and you have created a sustainable impact. You may not have photos of you hugging cute little children, but you will have done some good.””Don’t volunteer at any orphanage without thoroughly researching it. Is it regulated? Do they require background checks on volunteers?”On the ground

The number of orphanages in Cambodia has ballooned in the past 20 years and the government has done little to monitor them. 

Prior to 2006 there were no regulations around owning and operating orphanages in Cambodia, meaning anybody could come to the country and set up an operation with children in their care. 

In 2006, the government introduced the The Policy on Alternative Care for Children, which stated that orphanages should be a last resort and children should be in a family environment where possible. In 2008, the government introduced The Minimum Standards on Alternative Care for Children and in 2011, the Prakas (proclamation) on Procedures to Implement the Policy on Alternative Care for Children came into effect. Both set minimum standards for care facilities in Cambodia. Before that, there were none.

Mr Cooke said the government had made progress but it was slow.

“The sooner we can close these centres because there’s no longer a need because children are being taken care of by families, the better,” he said.

A spokesman for UNICEF said that a 2014 Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY) report showed seven care facilities had been closed down since the minimum standards were introduced.

“Children from those institutions have been reunified with their families and communities, and some have been referred to other residential care institutions and state orphanages waiting for proper family tracing, assessment and reunification,” he said.

“If you have transferable skills in childcare, for example, why not use them to train Cambodian staff rather than spending your time in the orphanage.”

Cambodian government spokesman Phay Siphan said the goal was for children to be with their families.

“We don’t want to separate a kid from their own community,” he said. “The family must play a more important role. We don’t want to keep them in the camp.”

He said foreigners were no longer able to open new orphanages in Cambodia, but SBS could not verify this information.

Mr Sutherland of Friends International said his understanding was that the opening of new orphanages had been “restricted,” rather than banned altogether.

“In some orphanages they’ll try to encourage the kids to look malnourished to encourage donations. There are many, many tricks involved in the whole process.”

A spokesman for UNICEF told SBS: “Presently, opening orphanages or residential care institutions requires authorisations from the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs for International NGO and Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation. And for some cases especially with local NGOs, they get authorisations from provincial authorities or local authorities. There is no particular Ministry in charge in managing or overseeing the residential care institutions.”

“Because of this, UNICEF supports MoSVY to develop a Sub-decree on Management of Residential Care Institutions for Children in order to establish legality and responsibility of MoSVY to provide oversight, including for opening and closure of residential care institutions, with proper case management, family assessment and reunification of children from residential care centres if they are found to be under performing or violating children rights.”

Living conditions

Conditions inside the hundreds of orphanages in Cambodia vary greatly.

According to Mr Sutherland, some lack basic amenities. “The children [in them] are more at risk than they would be in the family situation”. While others that receive more funding are and often in nice new buildings. “Fundamentally they are still institutions and the children are still institutionalised,” he said.

Mr Sutherland said orphanages regularly used children to raise money by handing out flyers or putting on shows. “In some they’ll try to encourage the kids to look malnourished to encourage donations. There are many, many tricks involved in the whole process.”

Related reading

On the outskirts of Phnom Penh along a long and dusty road sits Little Hearts orphanage. The orphanage is home to about 33 children and a further 120 children come in from the community each day for schooling. Little Hearts was opened six years ago by Belgian man Tony Geeraerts and his brother Jimmy. Inside the grounds there is a classroom, a kitchen, an office, and a number of rooms filled with tiny bunk beds for the children.

Mr Geeraerts said it wasn’t always easy to ascertain whether children were “real” orphans and said he had turned a number of children away.

“Sometimes people are just knocking on the door and they think they can have a better life here at Little Hearts and it’s very difficult. If we’re going to accept everyone that’s poor, that’s impossible.”

He shrugged off suggestions that the orphanage industry in Cambodia was plagued with corruption and neglect. “We don’t have time to get involved in other organisations … We just try to do our own thing.  And we really try to help the kids and help the community and we have very good communication with the government.”

At the time of my visit, there was only one foreign volunteer, also from Belgium, living on the premises. Mr Geeraerts said volunteers like her were extremely important to the running of his orphanage.

“They’re like mums and daddies for the kids. They take them to the shower, they teach activities, they teach English. They’re very, very important and that’s why we need a good selection of the volunteers because it’s very important that the kids are surrounded by good, trustworthy people.”

My visit to the orphanage was cut short when two government officials arrived to meet with Mr Geeraerts. The Belgian volunteer offered to show me out. “See,” she said, as I walked through the large gate, “we do good work here.” 

Reintegration

Mr Sutherland said the pathway to unwinding such a vast industry was complex.

“A lot of it has happened under the radar and it’s been allowed to grow, particularly over the past 10 years,” he said. “But now people are realising – there’s something wrong here.”

And beyond the crackdowns and closures, there were vulnerable children with uncertain futures.

“It’s a complex process because you’re talking about reintegrating children with their families,” he said.

“In some cases they may have only left their families for a few years, in others it’s longer term. So the reintegration process has to be carefully managed.

He said the children also needed to recover from the impact of being exposed to so many volunteers.

“Children do form attachments with people that are broken,” he said. “They get to know someone really well for two weeks, for six months, for a year, and then that person leaves.

“Of course that’s damaging to them.”

For more information on orphanage tourism, visit:

ChildSafeOrphanages.NoFriends InternationalUNICEFChild Safe Tourism

Follow @SylviaVarnham

Sylvia Varnham O’Regan was in Cambodia on a journalism fellowship with the Asia Pacific Journalism Centre.

Ireland in shock at balcony deaths

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Ireland is “frozen in shock” after six students plunged to their deaths when a balcony collapsed during a 21st birthday party in the US.

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A number of them were students at University College Dublin and had gone to Berkeley, California, to start a dream trip on popular summer working holiday visas.

They were named as Ashley Donohoe, 22, and Olivia Burke, Eoghan Culligan, Niccolai Schuster, Lorcan Miller and Eimear Walsh, who were all 21.

Donohoe was an Irish-American from Rohnert Park, California, while the others lived in Ireland.

They died from multiple blunt traumatic injuries when they plunged 12 metres to the ground.

Another seven were seriously injured in the incident and remain in hospital.

In a twist of fate, local police had received a call to reports of noise from the apartment shortly after midnight local time, but diverted to an emergency after a reported shooting in the city was prioritised.

The balcony collapsed less than 45 minutes later.

Philip Grant, consul general with the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs in the region, said the tragedy had touched everyone in Ireland.

“For many of my countrymen (the visa working holiday) is a formative experience and to have this happen at the start of this season is something that has left us all frozen in shock and disbelief,” he said.

“We are a very close, tight-knit group. Ireland is a small country and when you have the numbers that we had here today, very few of us have been left untouched by this tragedy.”

It is believed there were 13 Irish students on the fourth floor of an apartment complex in the college city shortly after midnight when it came apart from the building.

Irish Prime Minister Enda Kenny told parliament 13 people had been on the balcony at the time, citing police.

“My heart breaks for the parents who have lost children,” he said.

Long-odds Leishman a good bet

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Long odds aside, Marc Leishman is shaping up as a serious contender at the US Open.

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The bookmakers must have missed the memo on the affable Victorian who enters Chambers Bay as arguably Australia’s most in form golfer but opened at 126-1.

Since returning to competitive golf after almost losing wife Audrey to toxic shock syndrome, an ordeal that kept him from playing the Masters, Leishman has been building to something big.

Playing with a new, carefree perspective he contended in New Orleans, was a giant killer at the World Golf Championship Match Play, showed some flashes of brilliance at the Players Championship and Crowne Plaza Invitational and then was tied fifth in his last start at the Memorial Tournament just two weeks ago.

And with Chambers Bay setting up to have a more British Open feel than a typical US Open, the 31-year-old will also take strength from his fifth-place finish at Royal Liverpool last year.

“I definitely think I’m building to something big.

“My form’s been good, the last couple of months things are trending in the right direction, the putter feels good and I’m excited about the week,” Leishman said.

“The US Open is not usually my favourite tournament, but this is different.

“The fairways are more generous here, and the green, you’ve got to use a lot of imagination, whereas normally you’ve got to just hack it out at the US Open and hope that you judge it somewhat right.”

Leishman has braced himself for the inevitable frustration of bogeys, but while in the past he might have stewed on them for too long, these days he moves on and gets back to business.

“Obviously after what happened to Audrey, my perspective is a little different and I think I play my best golf when I don’t really care what the outcome is – just try to hit a shot and if it comes off, great; if it doesn’t, it’s not going to change my life,” he said.

“That’s going to be really good around here because there’s going to be times when you hit really good shots and it finishes in really bad positions.

“It wouldn’t surprise me if 10 over won it, so mindset is a big thing and I’m just going to try to have a really good one this week and not worry about the score.”

“Someone’s got to win it, and hopefully I’m one of those guys in it at the end.”

Adam Scott seeks spark from caddie

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Adam Scott hopes reuniting with hard-edged master caddie Steve Williams will reignite his spark and set him on the path to US Open glory.

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Scott will go in the Open at Chambers Bay on Thursday a year removed from being world No.1, now down to No.12 after a fruitless 2015 campaign thus far.

Williams and Scott, who combined at 16 majors over the last four years, notching up his 2013 Masters title and 12 other top-15 results, are back together after splitting at the end of last year.

Since then, Scott has struggled, with his best result in the last three months a tie for 24th at the Crowne Plaza Invitational, where he was defending champion, culminating in him letting new caddie Mike Kerr go.

“Obviously he (Williams) brings something out in me. The last few years have been really positive,” said Scott on Tuesday.

“Hopefully the old spark lights up again as I am just trying to get something going.

“I have just struggled with that this year and I think this will help.”

While the pair had plenty of success, by the end of their stint in 2014 frustrations were clearly evident as their differing personalities clashed.

Williams, a Kiwi who was also on the bag for 13 of Tiger Woods’ 14 major championship triumphs, is widely known as the best in the business and has a hard competitive edge.

Scott, while also competitive, is calmer in nature and when combined with the also calm Kerr was unable to fire.

“I spent four years playing with him (Williams) at a really high level and enjoying that energy,” Scott added.

“It is tough to maintain that.

“There is a lot of strain and pressure doing that and there has been a bit of a letdown on my side in the last six months from that.

“This is the thing to get me back up there.”

It was a reunion that may not have happened, given Williams was enjoying his retirement, racing cars and coaching rugby.

But he declared himself ready to be the help Scott needs for this week and also at the British Open, the WGC Bridgestone and the US PGA Championship in their limited reunion.

“Absolutely, I wouldn’t be here otherwise,” said 51-year-old Williams.

“I’ve absolutely 100 per cent enjoyed not being a caddie — just having a normal routine. When you’ve been out here as long as I have, you don’t miss that.

“But look, if you had an option to come back and work a few tournaments, it’s a pretty good four to work.

“This is a fantastic place (and) St Andrews (for the British Open) – there’s no better place than that in golf.”

Serbia to face Brazil in U-20 World Cup final

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The match grew spiteful in the final few minutes of extra time with Youssouf Kone, who had scored Mali’s goal, sent off when he received a second yellow card for apparent dissent.

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He then appeared to push Argentine referee Mauro Vigliano and needed to be ushered away by his team mates before he trudged off North Harbour Stadium in Auckland.

Andrija Zivkovic opened the scoring in the fourth minute for Serbia, though they could have had at least another three goals as Mali’s defence disintegrated.

Mali, however tested Serbia throughout on the counter attack and they got back into the game when they spread the ball to Kone who slammed it from 35 metres out past the diving Predrag Rajkovic to level the game.

The goal rejuvenated Mali and Rajkovic was forced to tip a Soulemayne Diarra rocket from 25 metres over the bar less than two minutes later.

The Serbian captain again saved his side in the 67th minute when Dieudonne Gbakle was through one on one, while the crossbar thwarted Serbia’s Milan Gajic three minutes later when his volley from 25 metres beat the diving Djigui Diarra.

In the early semi-final, Brazil, who won two successive penalty shootouts to reach the last four, ended a 244-minute scoring drought in some style with three goals in the first 20 minutes to effectively wrap up their place in the final.

Brazil were 2-0 up in the first seven minutes with Anda Correa conceding an own goal after a Joao Pedro cross deflected off his leg before Guilherme doubled the advantage.

Boschilia put the game beyond any doubt in the 19th minute when Senegal goalkeeper Ibrahima Sy parried a cross into the midfielder’s path before defender Jorge completed the first half scoring in the 35th minute.

Senegal, who had been unfortunate not to score when Sidy Sarr’s 19th minute shot cannoned off the crossbar, were reduced to 10 men just before halftime when Elimane Cisse received a second booking.

With the match settled in the first half, the game meandered after the break with neither side creating any real chances until Guilherme put a gloss on the victory with his second goal in the 78th minute.

“We’ve had some good games and we’ve had some problems, but as a team we’ve grown through those difficult matches,” Brazil coach Rogerio Micale said. “Today everyone played perfectly.

“I am very happy with my team as a whole. When no one scores against us that shows that our defence is working well and it has been a whole team effort.”

(Reporting by Greg Stutchbury in Wellington; Editing by Nick Mulvenney/Amlan Chakraborty)

Security lapses left US system vulnerable

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US officials say years of cybersecurity lapses have left its governmental personnel agency wide open to hacks that have exposed the private information about nearly every federal employee.

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Democrats and Republicans on the House oversight and government reform committee were united on Tuesday in heaping scorn upon the leaders of the Office of Personnel Management, the agency whose data was breached last year in two massive cyberattacks only recently revealed.

“You failed utterly and totally,” said the committee’s chairman, Jason Chaffetz, a Utah Republican.

The criticism came from within, as well. Michael Esser, the agency’s assistant inspector general for audit, told the committee of a years-long inability by OPM to meet federal cybersecurity standards.

For a long time, he said, the people running the agency’s information technology had no expertise. These shortcomings made the agency especially vulnerable to cyberattack, he said.

In November, an inspector-general’s audit recommended that the agency shut down some of its networks because they were so vulnerable, Esser testified. The director, Katherine Archuleta, declined, saying it would interfere with the agency’s mission.

The hackers were already inside her networks, she later acknowledged.

“They recommended it was so bad that you shut it down and you didn’t,” Chaffetz said.

Archuleta, stumbling occasionally under withering questions from lawmakers, sought to defend her tenure and portray the agency’s problems as decades in the making. She appeared to cast blame on her recent predecessors, one of whom, John Berry, is the US ambassador to Australia.

Offered chances to apologise and resign, she declined to do either.

Chaffetz said the two breaches “may be the most devastating cyberattack in our nation’s history”, and said OPM’s security policy was akin to leaving its doors and windows unlocked and expecting nothing to be stolen.

“I am as distressed as you are about how long these systems have gone neglected,” Archuleta said, adding at another point, “The whole of government is responsible and it will take all of us to solve the issue.”

Archuleta and the other witnesses offered few new details about the breaches in the public hearing, deferring most questions about methods and damage to a later, classified session.

After that session, Rep. Elijah Cummings of Maryland, the committee’s ranking Democrat, demanded that the committee hear testimony from two OPM contractors, KeyPoint and USIS, that fell victim to hacks last year. Earlier, Cummings and other lawmakers questioned whether the OPM network was compromised first through hacking of the contractors, and OPM officials declined to answer.

During the open hearing, Donna Seymour, the agency’s chief information officer, confirmed that personnel information on 4.2 million current and former federal employees had been stolen, not just accessed.

The number of security clearance holders whose data has been taken is not yet known, she said. But the records go back to 1985 and include contractors as well as federal employees. Some government officials estimate the number could be up to 14 million.

And because their security clearance applications contain personal information about friends and family, those people’s data is vulnerable as well.

Bournemouth host Villa, Chelsea start against Swansea

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The Cherries, close to liquidation in 2008, follow up their opener with a trip to Liverpool a week later, according to the 2015-16 fixtures released on Wednesday.

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Champions Chelsea begin the defence of their title at home to Swansea City, while runners-up Manchester City kick off at West Bromwich Albion.

With 12 wins from their last 13 opening-day fixtures Chelsea boast the best record in the league.

The first big clash between those clubs expected to fight for the title sees Chelsea visit Manchester City on the second weekend of the new season.

Arsenal, who finished third last season, host Slaven Bilic’s West Ham United in an all-London opener, as Manchester United, whose opening to the season will be complicated by a Champions League playoff tie, take on Tottenham Hotspur at home.

Liverpool have an immediate opportunity to avenge a 6-1 loss to Stoke City on the final day of last season with a return to the Britannia Stadium on the opening weekend.

Bournemouth will provide the novelty factor though after they were promoted as Championship title winners under up-and-coming young manager Eddie Howe.

Their fans will already be pencilling in a home date against Manchester United, who they famously beat as a third-tier side in 1984, although they will have to wait until the second half of the season to welcome Arsenal, Manchester City, Liverpool and Chelsea to the 12,000-capacity Goldsands Stadium.

Other key fixtures include the Manchester derby at Old Trafford on Oct. 24, Chelsea hosting Arsenal on the weekend of Sept. 19 and a heavyweight festive meeting between Manchester United and Chelsea on Dec. 28.

The Premier League season starts a week earlier than last season because of the Euro 2016 Championship next June.

(Reporting by Martyn Herman; Editing by Angus MacSwan)

Terry Campese suffers another torn ACL

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Terry Campese has suffered another major knee injury.

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The former Raider again tearing his anterior cruciate ligament, this time while playing in the UK Super League with Hull KR.

The former Raiders five-eighth limped off against Castleford a fortnight ago, and further scans have revealed he suffered a ruptured ACL and will undergo surgery.

Campese was seen as a potential Man of Steel after making an impressive start to his Super League career and recently signed an extended contract with the Robins, who are struggling to make the top eight.

Hull KR coach Chris Chester said: “It’s very disappointing to lose Terry for such an extended period as he is an instrumental part of our team and a fantastic leader within the squad.

“He has really settled into the Super League competition and was playing some fantastic rugby for us, so to be without him for the rest of the season is tough to take.”

Hull KR have already been linked with Parramatta halfback Chris Sandow and Chester admits he is looking for a short-term replacement for Campese.

“Albert Kelly and Maurice Blair played very well in the halves against Widnes on Sunday and we’ve also got the likes of Connor Robinson and Matty Marsh waiting for an opportunity,” Chester said.

“There’s also the option of bringing somebody in to replace Terry for the rest of the season, so we’re keeping all options open at this stage, but Terry’s health is the most important thing right now.

“He’s in good hands with the specialists, along with our own medical team, and he’ll get our full support as we hope to see him back out on the field in the best possible shape next season.”

Michelin enter bidding for F1 tyre contract

Posted June 29th, 2019 by admin and filed in 杭州夜生活
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The French tyre maker announced on its Twitter feed that it had entered a tender, launched by the governing body, before a Wednesday deadline.

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Current supplier Pirelli are considered the favoured candidates, with some senior figures in the sport opposed to a switch to 18-inch wheels from the current 13-inch ones.

“Whether we’ll be selected or not, we’ll see,” Michelin motorsport head Pascal Couasnon told motorsport杭州桑拿会所,.

“But I’d say we want to be coherent with our proposals and offer the opportunity to the teams and the drivers to have a tyre that enables everyone to express themselves and drive to the max.”

Drivers regularly complain that the current rules force them to look after fast-deteriorating tyres and ease off the throttle to save fuel.

Michelin withdrew from Formula One in 2006, a year after a farcical U.S. Grand Prix that went ahead with only six cars after all the Michelin-equipped teams withdrew on safety grounds.

Formula One has had a sole supplier since then, with Bridgestone replaced by Pirelli in 2011.

Couasnon said Michelin preferred competition but the technological challenge could come from the rules themselves.

“When you are not allowed to change tyres and refuel at the same time at Le Mans, the teams need tyres that can handle several stints,” he said.

“So even without rivals, you’re being challenged in a technical way by your clients. That’s what we want to do in F1.

“If there are several tyre suppliers, perfect. If there is only one, then a switch to 18-inch and a show made with tyres that you don’t change every 10 laps is already a pretty nice technical challenge that will be useful for all of us.”

Formula One’s commercial supremo Bernie Ecclestone has already indicated he opposes that.

“All Michelin would do is make a rock-hard tyre that you could put on in January and take off in December because they don’t want to be in a position where they can be criticized,” he said last month.

(Reporting by Alan Baldwin, editing by Amlan Chakraborty)

NT police search for ‘vigilante’

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Northern Territory police are looking for a man they believe was involved in a revenge attack over the fatal shooting of a Darwin man.

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Police are seeking Alfred Walker, 40, over an incident that occurred on Saturday night.

It followed the death that morning of Fabian Brock, 25 who was shot in the head while behind the wheel of his car.

“We’d like to speak to Mr Walker in relation to taking matters into his own hands” and seeking retribution over Mr Brock’s death, detective Acting Superintendent Lee Morgan told reporters on Wednesday.

“He’s pretty difficult to locate which is why we’ve gone public, to encourage him to come forward.”

Police believe Mr Walker is still in the Darwin area.

It is believed that on Saturday night Mr Walker and Shayne Robert Mulhall, 33, visited a Palmerston home and threatened its occupants over Mr Brock’s shooting.

During a raid on Monday night police arrested Mulhall, who appeared in the Darwin Magistrates Court on Wednesday on charges of aggravated assault, going armed in public and unlawfully entering a home.

His lawyer Peter Maley told the court his client did not have a weapon.

Mulhall was denied bail due to the seriousness of the charges against him.

It is believed Mr Brock’s shooting is related to the stabbing of a Palmerston man on Friday night.

Acting Supt Morgan said the man accused of the stabbing, Rodney Kenyon, was a person of interest in the shooting “as are a number of other people”.

He also confirmed police had seized a silver Toyota HiLux in the vicinity of Union Terrace near Lee Point where Mr Brock was shot.

Police seized a number of weapons during Monday night’s raid.

They also seized Mulhall’s car which had been damaged by a shotgun blast.

Acting Supt Morgan would not say if rival gangs were involved in the weekend’s violence.

“There are a number of people in this community who know what happened, we’ve spoken to some of them, but there are a lot more out there. Please, come forward and help us bring the killer of Mr Brock to justice,” he said.

Slim hopes fading for sluggish Swedes

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Three draws in three Group D games gave the Swedes third place, with the United States topping the standings and the Matildas stealing second place thanks to the point won in Edmonton against the lacklustre Scandinavians.

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With 16 of the 24 teams making it to the knockout stages the Swedes still have a chance to go through, but their progress is entirely dependent on results in Groups E and F, which will be decided on Wednesday.

“Today I’m disappointed, yes,” coach Sundhage told Swedish state radio after the draw that felt like a defeat. “Today, I’m a loser.”

Sundhage’s side have been strangely flat in Canada, throwing away the lead in a 3-3 draw with Nigeria before earning a creditable draw against tournament favourites the U.S.

They battled hard against Australia but with striker Lotta Schelin putting in another sub-par performance, they lacked the spark needed to ignite their World Cup campaign.

“Our play didn’t lead to the result we wanted,” a disappointed Sundhage said. “In the last 15 minutes we hoped for more chances with the upper hand that we had.

“I would have liked to have seen more crosses, but there was too much holding the ball and there are no points to be had from that.”

There are several combinations of results that mightthrow the Swedes a lifeline and Sundhage remained positive.

“We haven’t lost and we’ve scored four goals — I’ll take that in the plus column,” she told Swedish radio.

“We have had to take the hardest route and we might still go through tomorrow. If we get a second chance, we’re really going to take it.”

(Editing by Ed Osmond)

DCE still league’s black sheep

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The stage had been set for Daly Cherry-Evans to become Queensland’s white knight in State of Origin II in Melbourne on Wednesday night.

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Instead the Maroons playmaker remains rugby league’s black sheep, it seems, after Queensland’s 26-18 Origin II loss to NSW.

Cherry-Evans polarised the public when he backflipped on a four-year Gold Coast NRL deal and stayed at Manly on a “lifetime” $10 million deal.

Yet a packed MCG crowd appeared to merge as one to boo the Maroons halfback when his image appeared on the big screen as he ran out.

It was a ribbing that had added effect thanks to a record Origin crowd of 91,513.

And it wasn’t the first time Cherry-Evans found a way to bring Origin’s tribal rivalry together.

The only thing Queensland captain Cameron Smith and NSW rival Paul Gallen could agree on before the match was that Cherry-Evans faced the biggest challenge in Origin II.

Suffice to say there was plenty of pressure as he attempted to step up for the injured Cooper Cronk (knee).

But it seems there were no excuses.

Cherry-Evans was filling in for Cronk just as he had done in game two last year.

However, that’s where the similarities ended.

Last year Cherry-Evans struggled in Origin II after having just one training session due to a knee niggle.

This time Cherry-Evans had a full preparation in the Maroons camp.

Unfortunately for the Queensland halfback the result seemed to be the same.

He appeared frazzled, took poor options and was disjointed alongside pivot Johnathan Thurston.

Overall he had a team high three missed tackles.

The signs were ominous for Cherry-Evans when he missed a tackle that led to NSW centre and man of the match Michael Jennings’ fourth minute try.

He may lay claim to a try assist but back-rower Matt Gillett had plenty of work to do, stepping through Paul Gallen and Robbie Farah to score in the 47th minute.

Before the game Queensland assistant Michael Hagan admitted being without Cronk in game two was an “issue”.

But Hagan hoped Cherry-Evans was up for the challenge.

“You want to build a team around someone like that,” Hagan said.

But it remains to be seen if and when Cherry-Evans will be the man for Queensland to build around.

Cronk hopes to return ahead of game three on July 8 in Brisbane.

He has already shown his regenerative powers by returning early from a broken wrist in 2014’s game three.

And Brisbane’s Ben Hunt is currently the NRL’s form halfback.

Cynics could argue at least one thing went to script for Cherry-Evans on Wednesday night.

The boos he copped were expected after he was jeered recently at Queensland home ground Suncorp Stadium playing for Manly against the Broncos.